these things together (separated, of course by numbers showing what
the year, month and day actually were) make up a date.
The date may run vertically
or horizontally from left to right or (in books up to about 1930)
horizontally from right to left.
(especially in more recent books) the numbers indicating the day,
month and year are given in Arabic numerals, so you will be able
to read it immediately. Often, though, the numbers are given in
Japanese. Here, then, are the basic numbers you need to know: